While learning when to plant carrots, you will need to remember that they grow best in cool conditions and will be able to survive light frost as they are hardy crops. Since carrots can grow well in most seasons like early spring, fall and even the winter seasons, it actually becomes quite easy to decide when to plant carrots.
Carrots are one of the most popular root crops all over the world and they are also the most consumed.
Carrots originated from the Mediterranean regions and nowadays people all over the world are planting them in their own backyards. Actually they are biennial plants that can be treated like annuals once grown in the garden.
Since they germinate easily and seedling transplants are rarely available from the nursery most gardeners grow carrots from seed. Choosing the right time when to plant carrots is important as this will determine when the seeds germinate and roots reach maturity. Compared to other summer vegetables, carrots are planted earlier as they are considered a cool season crop.
While deciding when to plant carrots, you will need to know that that they do not tolerate transplanting well. As they grow quickly, carrots rarely require indoor seeding. You can plant them no sooner than two weeks before you plan to transplant them outdoors or when the outdoor soil temperature has risen to 55 degrees Fahrenheit in spring, if you had decided to start the seeds indoors. When they are about 1 inch tall, you can transplant the carrots to the garden. Root damage will be suffered by taller plants while transplanting.
Direct seeding in the garden is usually the preferred way to grow carrots. When to plant carrots would depend on the temperature of the soil. Once the soil temperature reaches 55 degrees Fahrenheit and once the average daily temperature is 60 degrees Fahrenheit, you can sow the seeds in spring. Four weeks before the last spring frost date, is the best planting time for carrots. During the heat of summer, carrots do not grow well and they would be able to reach maturity before the hottest days of summer when planted early.
When the soil temperature is between 55 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit, carrot seeds germinate quickly. When provided with moisture, most seeds would sprout in less than seven days. It takes 10 and 12 weeks for the roots to develop fully after the seeds have germinated. Depending on the carrot variety, you can harvest the carrot after three to four months.
While deciding when to plant carrots, you should be aware that they can be grown as fall crop. Once average daily temperatures drop below 75 degrees Fahrenheit, you can plant them in late summer or early fall. Six to eight weeks prior to the first expected fall frost, you can plant carrots. Light frost can be tolerated well by carrots but when the soil temperature drops below 55 degrees Fahrenheit they will stop growing. So before the soil cools down drastically, you will need to give them time to reach maturity. These are some of the things that you need to keep in mind while deciding when to plant carrots.